Information about Coronavirus SARS CoV-2/Covid-19

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is spreading enormously fast internationally and nationally and has been classified as a global pandemic by the WHO.

So far, the source and intermediate hosts of the virus have not been clearly identified. To date, the reservoir for the first coronavirus SARS-CoV-1, which was responsible for the SARS epidemic in 2002/03, has also not been identified.

Recently, Chinese scientists found that the novel coronavirus is related to coronaviruses found in five wildlife species living in Asia, including the masked palm civet (Paguma larvata), Asian palm civet,  (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), Asian civet cat (Viverra sp) and horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus spp). The results of the investigations show that the virus in the five animal species is not the same coronavirus that was transmitted to humans. The Java horseshoe bat has the greatest genetic similarity with 96.2 % of the DNA nucleotides. These results do not mean that SARS-CoV-2 originates from these wild animals.

In Germany, no comparatively high matches with the SARS-CoV-2 virus have been found in domestic wildlife so far. Also, no transmission of the new virus to pets such as cats, dogs, etc. has been proven so far. It is known that so-called feline and canine corona viruses occur in cats and dogs. These are harmless to humans. The Friedrich-Loeffler Institute can provide you with further information (https://www.fli.de/de/home/).

 

Literature source:

Genetic evolution analysis of 2019 novel coronavirus and coronavirus from other species: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567134820301167


FAQs Robert Koch Institut (RKI)

FAQs Friedrich -Loeffler-Institut (FLI)

 

 

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